Health care

The 6 Best Non-Toxic Cookware Brands for 2023, Tested

Here’s how to choose the best non toxic cookware for a safe and healthy kitchen. Choosing safe  cookware brands is just as important as the food you eat. Which is the best choice? Read on.

Xtrema’s pure ceramic cookware, Versa stock pot.

*Affiliate disclosure.

Since you’d never be caught dead with melamine in your cabinets (literally, and on style grounds alone, a capital crime), you don’t need to be told not to use it. What you do need to know? Your cookware is just as important as the food you choose to eat. There, we said it. And you have plenty of amazing options when it comes to choosing the safest cookware for a healthy kitchen. Still, it’s not the easiest to know which are the best non toxic cookware options for your cooking style and health concerns (and if you want to build out your bakeware set, free of PTFE, see our guide to non-toxic bakeware). 

Ready to feel seen? 

Our in-house, professionally trained chef, and editor-in-chief, Laura Klein, has thoroughly tested each of the brands we recommend here. In this annually updated guide, we cover tips on choosing the safest cookware for your needs and lifestyle, what’s best to avoid with nonstick (we’re looking at you, PTFE and PFAS), the cookware brands we trust, and even give you a heads up on which products are best for you, the environment, and your pocketbook. Spoiler: We don’t recommend one-hit wonders (hint: The Always Pan)  and there’s a good reason why.

Read on to discover which brands are having seasonal sales and save big on your favorite clean cookware (hint: sign up for the newsletter here to never miss an exclusive sale). Or, bookmark this page to come back and check when your favorite brands are having their big seasonal sales. 

Exclusive Summer Savings! Save an extra 10% on Caraway Home Cookware when you shop our links through July 31st. Shop today before the sale ends and give your kitchen the summer refresh it deserves! Discount applied at checkout. Read on to learn more.

Here’s the Best, Non Toxic Cookware Picks for the Healthy Home Chef

What’s the Safest Type of Cookware for Your Health?

Let’s face it, most cookware is generally safe. But there are things to consider about each material when purchasing your cookware. And if you have serious concerns about cookware and want to stay away from heavy metals completely, please consult your primary physician for advice.

Here are the healthiest pots and pans to cook with: 

Pure Ceramic

Pure ceramic cookware is a great choice and does not contain any heavy metals. It’s one of the safest cookware materials on the market. 

It might be the safest cookware out there and is completely free of heavy metals. This type of cookware is made with just one material—ceramic. Best for low and slow cooking, and can easily go from stovetop to oven. Another bonus to using ceramic pans is its low carbon footprint.

Ceramic Coated Cookware

Thermolon is an effective ceramic non stick cookware coating—and it’s non toxic.

It’s nonstick and doesn’t leach toxic chemicals into your food or off-gas at high temperatures. When treated well it can last for several years. The manufacturing process with this material is also more environmentally friendly, as PFAS chemicals used in traditional nonstick production are under heavy scrutiny concerning public health (read The Reason PTFE Nonstick Pans Aren’t Safe).1 The catch? The low-end cheap brands wear out quickly—as soon as three months. It’s worth it to invest in a quality brand (see our picks below!). If you want to read the nerd version on what ceramic coated cookware is, read The Best Ceramic Cookware Sets Tested and Reviewed, 2023).

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel cookware is a popular choice for pro chefs.

Stainless steel pots and pans are workhorse for professional and home kitchens alike because it can last a lifetime and take a beating. Look for reputable brands that use food-grade stainless steel and employ third-party lab testing in compliance with Prop 65.2 Another bonus, stainless steel is metal utensil safe. 

Enameled Cast Iron Cookware

There’s nothing quite like cast iron— known for it’s excellent heat retention, high heat and slow cooking capabilities, everyone should have at least one cast iron pan at home.

An heirloom classic in the kitchen passed down from generation to generation, cast iron retains heat like nothing else and is a master at searing. While cooking with this material is generally safe, those susceptible to iron overload should consult with their primary care physician and use cast iron cookware with caution. Our preference is for enameled cast iron cookware, made with glass black enamel studded with quartz particles, it’s metal utensil safe. Read on to find out why else we love it.

Carbon Steel

Carbon steel cookware is lighter than cast iron pots and pans but has the searing capabilities of it. It is another safe cookware choice and a favorite of Laura Klein’s for its high heat capabilities. Season it and care for it like cast iron. 

Relatively new to the American home chef, carbon steel has been used in professional kitchens for years because of its versatility. It has the excellent heat retention of cast iron and the lighter weight of stainless steel (see our coverage, Carbon, Stainless Steel or Cast Iron – Which Is Best for You?) . Also like cast iron, this material may leach iron into your food when used to cook with acidic foods. Carbon steel pots and pans require seasoning to build up natural nonstick properties. While acidic foods will strip this coating away, the pans can be re-seasoned as needed. Overall, however, it’s generally safe.

The 6 Safe Cookware Brands We Trust

Wondering how to get the best of both worlds when it comes to cooking safely without a massive amount of cleanup? We did too! That’s why we spent hundreds of hours (seriously) poring over research from the Environmental Working Group (EWG), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and PubMed, while consulting experts along the way.

The Organic Authority Approved Clean Cookware seal of approval for non-toxic cookware and environmental stewardship. 

The result? Our tested and research-backed, and tested, collection of cookware recommendations to meet every need, lifestyle, skill level, and frequency of cooking. Our guide features only cookware that we have personally tested from brands that are transparent about its production practices and the safety of its products. Each one has earned the “Organic Authority Approved Clean Cookware” seal of approval (what’s behind the ORGANIC AUTHORITY APPROVED seal? Read about it here).

1. Caraway Cookware Ceramic Coated Nonstick 

The Caraway Iconics collection come with gold-hued handles. We love this elevated look. The ceramic  coating makes these cookware sets a breeze to clean. 

  • Ceramic-coated nonstick surface
  • Aluminum core
  • Beautiful design
  • Easy to clean
  • PFAS-free
  • Set includes pan and lid storage solution and cork trivets
  • Oven safe up to 550°F

Caraway cookware is any home cook’s dream, particularly if you want the ease of nonstick pans. Gorgeously designed—we’re big fans of their Iconics Collection—this ceramic non stick cookware is ideal for the health and design conscious cook. It’s slick ceramic coated surface allows you to use less cooking oil or fat if desired. All the brilliant cooking advantages without the toxic chemicals you’re looking to avoid. 

Made with an aluminum core, these pots and pans have excellent heat retention and conduction, which makes them a favorite of Klein’s (which is where many nonstick cookware brands fail and is a pet peeve of Klein’s). Because of their slick, nonstick surface, hand washing is a breeze (and recommended). They’re also stovetop agnostic making them safe for induction, gas, and electric stove tops. Klein recommends using wood or silicon utensils to lengthen the life of the nonstick surface. Like most nonstick cookware, it performs best over medium heat, which will prolong the life of the pan. 

Made without PFAS (including Gen X), there’s no need to worry that these pots and pans are detrimental to our environment or your health. They’re even California Prop 65 certified, Caraway offers the utmost in transparency. Added bonus – magnetic pan racks that house each pot for sideways access, and canvas lid holders for kitchen cabinet doors to better organize your shelves. Form meets function perfection.

If you’re not in the market for a whole set, their new Mini Duos are an excellent addition to most kitchens—great for warming cranberry sauce, melting butter, or frying an egg or two. They even have a gorgeous bakeware line with the same nonstick ceramic coating. Wondering how this brand holds up after months of use? Read our profile and review of Caraway.

“When I used regular non-stick pans, it would disturb me when I saw that flakes of the surface had scraped off into my food. Not only does Caraway’s surface not flake, there are no chemicals. Win-win!” Chelsea Mae Plummer, Founder of

Exclusive Summer Savings! Save an extra 10% on Caraway Home Cookware when you shop our links through July 31st. Shop today before the sale ends and give your kitchen the summer refresh it deserves! Discount applied at checkout. Read on to learn more.

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2. GreenPan

GreenPan’s new GP5 line integrates 15 years of innovations creating their the most advanced ceramic nonstick collection. 

  • Industry leader for innovation in non-toxic, non-stick cookware brands
  • Signature Thermolon ceramic nonstick coating
  • No PFAS, PFOA, lead, or cadmium
  • Comfort grip handles
  • Excellent heat conduction

“In all my years of studying healthy cookware, GreenPan has been the only brand that has well and truly exceeded my expectations with their world-renowned cooking pans. I have been using their non-stick pan collection for years now and am fully satisfied and happy with my investment.” Melissa Collins, Partnership Manager at Perfect Brew.

As one of the best safe, non-stick cookware brands, each piece in the GreenPan collection features its signature Thermolon ceramic coating, the original non toxic alternative to traditional nonstick and the first to be free from plastic, PFAS, PFOA, lead, or cadmium. No worries that it will ever release toxic fumes, even if overheated. The collection’s ergonomic stainless steel handles are contoured for a comfortable grip and the tempered glass lids give you a clear view of what’s cooking.

GreenPan has also taken strides to make its production methods as green as possible, emitting 60 percent less CO2 during the curing phase of the nonstick coating as compared to traditional coating. They also utilize recycled aluminum in their production process (read our GreenPan cookware review and interview).

Their newest line, GP5, integrates 15 years of cook-centric innovations to create the most advanced ceramic non stick cookware collection they’ve ever created and Klein agrees. It has the slickest nonstick coating she’s tested in all of their lines (and she’s tested a lot!). It has better heat conduction, and has a unique stay-flat base that’s designed to keep your cooking oil in place.  Klein also recommends GreenPan’s other high end lines, including the Reserve, finding they last the longest. What Klein loves about GreenPan’s non toxic, nonstick surface is that it’s metal utensil safe, which most nonstick cookware on the market is not.

“I’ve tried a lot of non toxic, nonstick lines, and most start to lose their slickness in as little as three months. I end up recycling them in six and have to buy another set. It’s a waste of time and money. After about two years, these two collections have proven to stand the test of time. I love these frying pans.” Laura Klein

For an in-depth look at all this great brand has to offer, check out our review of GreenPan sets that we’ve tested.

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3. Xtrema Pure Ceramic Cookware

Xtrema cookware is one of the original safe cookware lines with their pure ceramic cookware. No coatings, no metal core, just pure ceramic.


  • 100% pure ceramic
  • Meets a variety of cooking & baking needs
  • FDA approved
  • Meets California Prop 65 standards
  • Comes with a 10-year warranty

The original non-toxic cookware, Xtrema’s pure ceramic construction (no metal core, no coatings!) is great for low and slow applications. The only pure ceramic cookware on the market, it’s probably one of the healthiest cookware materials you can find. It can go on the stovetop to oven, and is even microwave safe, making it the perfect vessel for one-pot recipes, as well as braising, boiling, and baking.

Their new signature skillet line is new and improved, using one-piece construction for extra strength and durability. The new 9.5-inch fry pan has the look and feel of a cast iron skillet without the weight or metallic tastes.

Unlike PTFE nonstick cookware, Xtrema is PFAS and PFOA free, but without the same nonstick qualities. Xtrema is FDA-approved and meets California Prop 65 standards, meaning it’s free of more than 800 compounds that may cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. All products in this line come with a 10-year warranty and are oven, microwave, grill, and dishwasher safe.

We love the family-owned and operated company’s values, too—their products are crafted by artisans, “made with expertise, careful attention, and positivity.”

If you are health conscious and deal with chemical sensitivities, or just hyper-vigilant about what you eat and what you cook with, pure ceramic belongs in your kitchen. No toxins, no metals, and no maintenance, for worry free cooking every day. Read our Xtrema cookware review to learn more about the brand.

Exclusive code: the Organic Authority community get 15% off with code OA15.

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4. Made In Cookware

Made In is a great choice for pro chefs and home cooks alike—no commercial kitchen would turn their nose up at this beautiful stainless steel cookware sets that will last a lifetime.
  • Stainless and carbon steel cookware
  • Professional quality
  • Michelin starred chef-approved
  • High heat capacity
  • Extremely durable
  • Safe, non-toxic cookware for the home chef

“I have used the Made In Starter Cookware almost daily for about two years in both professional and personal settings, and the set still performs as well as new. I like Made In’s stainless steel cookware as it has a nice-to-hold and cool-to-touch handle, and their cookware is well-engineered for even heating across the cooking surface. I think the Starter Set is an excellent set for anyone wanting to invest in a quality cookware set without breaking the bank.” Jessica Randhawa, Head Chef and Owner of The Forked Spoon

This family-owned brand is 100+ years in the making, and we’re blown away by the superior quality of Made In 5-ply stainless steel clad and carbon steel pans. Made In’s cookware possesses such high quality that 3-Michelin star chef, Grant Achatz, not only uses Made In at Alinea, he’s also an investor and member of Made In’s advisory board.

The stainless steel pots and pans are constructed with five layers of metals for improved heat conduction and prevents stuck-on messes (finally!) making it an extremely durable kitchen staple. The frying pans rolled rims are a nice added touch that allows you to easily pour without spilling. It’s is oven safe up to 800 degrees Fahrenheit so you can easily go from stove top to oven.

The carbon steel cookware line is a favorite of Laura Klein’s. Boasting high heat capacity, retention, and light maneuverability, think of Made In’s carbon steel as if cast iron and stainless steel had a baby. Perfect for executing high heat cooking techniques, these pans are excellent for blistering greens and searing your favorite grass-fed piece of meat to add that extra caramelization of flavor and texture. You can even grill with these pans. Because they’re oven safe, you can go from stove top to oven, or roast your next whole chicken or veg in their carbon steel roasting pan designed by Chef Tom Collicchio. Oh, and did we mention that the natural nonstick properties that develop as the pan becomes seasoned with use, makes clean-up a breeze. Just stay away from acidic food like lemons, tomatoes and wine that will strip the natural seasoning. 

Not only are these lines extremely durable, and will become kitchen (and even camping) staples,  but the company also recycles unused metal. That’s right, anything that can’t be used is up-cycled into tailpipes for cars and damaged and returned merchandise is sold to restaurants or donated to ensure nothing is wasted. Read our profile for a more in-depth look at Made In Cookware Reviewed.

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5. Staub Enamel Coated Cast Iron Cookware

Staub, a French culinary specialty, is renowned for their enameled cast iron. Their Dutch ovens are commonly used in fine restaurants around the world.


  • Time-tested enamel cast-iron cookware made in France
  • Phenomenal heat retention
  • Extremely durable black matte enamel coated interior
  • Doubles as gorgeous serving dish
  • No seasoning necessary

“I always recommend Staub pots and pans because when you buy them you know you’re getting quality. They are very good at keeping moisture inside the pot during a long braise, which means you’ll have a more flavorful stew. These French-made pots are heavy, sturdy, and made to last a lifetime in your kitchen.” – Devan Cameron, Chef and Owner of Braised & Deglazed

For nearly five decades, Staub has been renowned as a French culinary specialty in enameled cast iron. Originally developed in part with famed French chef Paul Bocuse, this heavy-duty cookware boasts both the phenomenal heat retention of cast iron and the acid-resistant, slick surface of glass enamel studded with quartz crystals that stands up to metal utensils and it’s oven safe. It’s no wonder the pros love to use these pieces as as serving dishes as well as cookware. The heavy-duty, durable cookware stands the test of time (no matter how long you leave it soaking in the sink). Perfectly suited for everything from braises to bread, a Staub Dutch Oven is the jack-of-all-trades pot for every home cook.

Laura Klein’s Staub Cast Iron Dutch Oven on her stove top. It doubles as a beautiful decorative art piece. It’s a favorite for batch cooking, soups, stews and even searing veg and grass fed meats.  

Klein tested Staub’s famous Cocotte Dutch Oven over many months next to her Le Creuset pots and pans and quickly became a fan. Why? The black matte enamel textured surface made from glass and quartz crystals is unique amongst enamel coated cast iron brands. It requires no seasoning and stands up to heavy metal utensil use. Another bonus, the black interior doesn’t turn brown over time with repeat use. You can sear and brown meat and veg much easier in it too. It’s also easier to clean (and yes it’s dishwasher safe but hand wash is recommended). Le Creuset’s cream interior turns brown over time with use and is easily scratched if metal utensils are used. It’s also tougher to clean.  

A special callout to Staub’s innovative lid design: A snug fit to trap condensation, it features spikes all along the inner surface to ensure moisture drips back into the dish during slow cooks, and enough steam retention to make your sourdough bread tender and moist with a sublimely crisp crust. It’s smooth enamel bottom works on all stovetops, including induction. 

Klein sat down with Joanna Rosenberg from Staub for an Instagram live conversation for a full review of what makes Staub stand out from the rest (you can also read our interview and review of Staub too). 

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6. Demeyere

The Demeyere Atlantis 7 collection is gorgeous and easy to clean.
  • 7-ply stainless steel
  • Easy to clean
  • Retains silver-white shine for years
  • Unique electrochemical surface treatment (not a coating!)
  • Chef favorite
  • OA Pick: The 1.75 quart saucier
  • Excellent heat conduction

I use the saucier for so many things, like making weeknight tomato sauces, rice, quinoa, melting chocolate, and caramelizing onions.” Laura Klein

Belgian family-run Demeyere has been a benchmark in stainless steel cookware for over a century. Outstanding feature? Silvinox technology – a unique electrochemical surface treatment (not a coating!) that enriches and purifies the stainless steel surface, making it easier to clean and allowing it to retain its shine and silver-white color for years. Proprietary flat bottom technology keeps the pans from warping at high temperatures. And since this cookware line is a favorite amongst chefs in professional kitchens, it’s no surprise that home cooks love the pieces too.

Klein loves these frying pans for their excellent heat conduction and easy-to-clean surface. She tested the Atlantis, made with seven layers of metal, and the Industry 5, with five layers and deemed both to have excellent conduction, eliminating hot spots. These stainless steel pans have superior food release, making them easier to clean than traditional stainless steel pans. They are metal utensil safe too. 

“The Atlantis comes with a little more weight with the two extra layers, but the superior heat conduction retention, food release, and overall design and feel of the pan in my opinion, is worth it.”

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Choosing the Right, Safe, Cookware for You

Where to start? We recommend beginning with a base set and adding from there. And to make things even easier, follow our chart to select the perfect pieces for your safe cookware collection.

Choose the right non-toxic pieces of cookware that fits your unique cooking style.

Organic Authority Studio

The type of non-toxic cookware you choose will depend on your needs in the kitchen.

Hey, not everyone is a chef, and we get that. But almost everyone does some cooking on the regular and you want it to be as safe as possible. When selecting pieces from our product recommendations above, take your cooking skills, frequency, and lifestyle into consideration before you buy.

Do you prefer to sear or braise foods? If you like to use high heat cooking techniques to add extra texture and flavor, we recommend one, two, or even a set of Made In’s carbon or stainless steel.

Are you an experienced home chef who loves to entertain with elaborate meals? If so, we say start with a foundational set of cookware like Demeyere’s, Made In’s Stainless Steel, or a Caraway set and fill in from there.

Or are you a get-it-done as simply and easily as possible type of cook? If you’re into minimal prep, cook, and clean time we definitely recommend Caraway for it’s non toxic, nonstick ceramic coated surface.

For the fast track to cleaner cooking pastures, just take our personalized cookware quiz to learn which clean cooking items will set you up for cheffing success. (Promise it’s quick and easy.)

What You Need to Know About Non-Stick Cookware Labels Like PTFE, PFOA and More

Since you’d rather spend your time enjoying the rewards of a well-cooked meal than elbow deep in a serious scrub session, a non stick pan probably seems like the way to go. But conventional nonstick cookware, like Teflon cookware, can release toxic fumes when overheated.3 Now that’s not appetizing.

The processing used during the production of nonstick pots and pans pollutes our water supply and has been linked to testicular and kidney cancer, infertility, liver damage, and thyroid disease. 4,5 No thanks.

As with other “clean” or “green” products, claims can be misleading when it comes to cookware. It’s common to see “PTFE-free”, “PFOA-free”, and “made without PFOA” on product labels, but you can’t always trust these claims at face value. For instance, some brands rename their PTFE coatings with fancy brand names while using the “PFOA-free” label.

To avoid this not-so-appetizing material, it’s important to know how to decipher nonstick and non toxic cookware jargon.


Most traditional non-stick pans are made with PTFE non-stick coating.

A synthetic chemical used during the production process of PTFE coatings (aka Teflon) that includes PFOA, PFOS, and GenX, PFAS comes with concerns for human health and environmental contamination. 6 Both PFOA (phased out) and Gen X (currently in use), have been used to produce PTFE nonstick coatings commonly used in cookware.


The general public didn’t even know how toxic PFOAs were until a class action lawsuit exposed the evidence.

Also known as C8, PFOA is a type of PFAS chemical produced and used in products that resist heat, oil, stains, grease, and water, as well as stain-resistant carpets, fabrics, and PTFE based nonstick, or Teflon cookware. After decades of use in the U.S., chemical producers such as Dupont and 3M phased PFOA out due to public health concerns that were kept hidden from the public until a class action lawsuit brought internal documents to the attention of the EPA and the general public.7

Gen X

The claims that Gen X non-stick coatings are better for you are dubious. 

Another PFAS class of synthetic chemicals, Gen X is a trade name used to make PTFE nonstick coatings and is a direct replacement for PFOA, but has an unproven safety profile.8 According to a draft toxicity report by the EPA, there is a potential risk of exposure to GenX through drinking water, air, and consuming food wrapped in PFAS containing products.8 Emerging data from animal studies point to health effects in the kidney, blood, immune system, developing fetus, and especially in the liver following oral exposure. The data is also suggestive of cancer.


Also known as Teflon, PTFE can off-gasses and can kill pet birds, it’s so toxic. It’s also toxic to the environment. Today the supply chain is still dark which is why we generally don’t recommend PTFE.

Originally discovered in 1938 by DuPont, PTFE is best known as Teflon (Dupont’s brand name). While PTFE coatings in cookware are generally safe if used as intended, overheating a PTFE pan can result in off-gassing that may lead to flu-like symptoms called polymer fume fever.3 These fumes are potent enough to hospitalize humans and kill pet birds.9

When cheap nonstick coatings wear out, the exposed core is typically made from a reactive metal (e.g. aluminum or copper) and may leach heavy metals (e.g. aluminum, copper, lead, or cadmium). Not to mention that nonstick coating can flake into your food.

The bottom line? PFOA has been phased out for years, so we consider this label as the bare minimum. Instead look for nonstick coatings (see our ceramic nonstick recs below) that are made without PFAS, which encompasses all of the bad stuff associated with PTFE.

FAQ Summary: Non-Toxic Cookware Safety 

Still in the dark on which safe cookware is right for you? Looking for a quick and easy answer to your *ahem* burning questions? Check our As to your Qs below. As always, if you have concerns consult your primary care physician.

Are there any nonstick pans that are non toxic?

There’s an inherent risk of cooking food in anything. Having said that, most cookware is generally safe. We’ve found that the higher end lines of ceramic coated nonstick are the next, best thing to traditional PTFE. It must be treated properly, it’s best for medium to medium low heat, using only wood and silicone utensils (no metal utensils to avoid scratches).

Is aluminum cookware safe to cook with?

While research regarding the detrimental effects of cooking with aluminum is inconclusive, there are concerns over aluminum leaching into food when in contact with acidic foods (tomatoes, vinegar), though leaching is not a concern for aluminum-based cookware that is coated or treated (anodized). It’s best to avoid aluminum cookware that is cheaply made (with scrap metal, for example, as reported in a study published in Science Daily) or secondhand cookware, and stick with reputable brands that follow safe manufacturing practices.10

Is copper safe to cook with?

Copper is considered a heavy metal and is highly reactive to acidic foods, like tomatoes and vinegar. 11 Copper cookware is typically lined with stainless steel to prevent leaching, but there is concern that individuals with nickel sensitivity (about 10% of the population, as reported by Cleveland Clinic) should avoid stainless steel.12 For those without a nickel allergy, it’s best to choose reputable brands that use food grade 18/10 stainless steel or higher. We like Made In’s copper cookware.

Is stainless steel safe to cook with?

While stainless steel is generally safe to cook with, there is some concern over nickel leaching when in contact with acidic foods (tomatoes, vinegar), a concern for individuals with nickel sensitivity (about 10% of the population, as reported by Cleveland Clinic).12,13 Choose reputable brands who use food grade stainless steel. We like Demeyere as they follow good manufacturing practices and use 18/10 stainless steel that undergoes a proprietary treatment, making the pans more resistant to acidic foods.

Is enameled cookware safe?

Enamelware is often associated with coated cast iron. Look for brands that conduct 3rd party lab tests to ensure Prop 65 compliance for cadmium and lead. We like Staub for quality enameled cast iron pieces.

Is carbon steel safe to cook with?

Carbon steel usually comes as uncoated material (unless it comes pre-seasoned). It’s a mix of cast iron and stainless steel. It can handle high cooking temperatures without breaking down or off-gassing toxic fumes (unlike PTFE-based nonstick coatings). Similar to uncoated cast iron, avoid long simmering meals with acidic ingredients (tomatoes, vinegar) as this may strip the natural seasoning and leach trace amounts of iron into your food. Carbon steel usually requires seasoning to build up natural nonstick properties.

Is cooking with cast iron safe?

Cast iron is generally a safe cooking material. For long simmering recipes, avoid acidic ingredients (tomatoes, vinegar) as they may strip any natural seasoning that has built up. When in contact with acidic foods, trace amounts of iron may also leach into your food, which may not be healthy for individuals susceptible to iron overload.14 We prefer Staub as an enamel coated cast iron pick that is also safe and reduces the risk of iron leaching.

Is ceramic coated nonstick cookware safe?

Ceramic nonstick coated cookware is a non-toxic and safe option. It is made without the chemical PFAS, which is used in the production process for traditional PTFE-based cookware. We like Caraway for their thoughtful design and their commitment to good manufacturing practices and 3rd party testing. We also like GreenPan for their innovation and environmental stewardship. Of all the ceramic pans we’ve tested, GreenPan lasts the longest.

Is cooking with traditional (PTFE) non-stick cookware safe?

Cooking with PTFE-based nonstick cookware is generally considered safe. However, overheating can lead to toxic fumes that lead to flu-like symptoms and are strong enough to kill pet birds.3,9 The main concern with PTFE-based nonstick cookware has to do with the industry’s long history of litigation with regard to localized PFAS contamination (a chemical used during production) in local waterways—a serious public health concern.1 While it is possible for a company to make safe PTFE-based nonstick cookware, we have not encountered a cookware brand that can answer our questions with regard to their wastewater mitigation practices. For this reason, we prefer ceramic nonstick cookware as it eliminates the need for PFAS chemicals altogether.

Is enameled cookware safe?

Enamelware is often associated with coated cast iron. Look for brands that conduct 3rd party lab tests to ensure Prop 65 compliance for cadmium and lead. We like Staub for quality enameled cast iron pieces. 

Brands and Products We Don’t Recommend and Why

Yes, we previously recommended PTFE-free nonstick pans from Ecolution’s Bliss Line, Ozeri Green Earth, GreenLife Soft Grip, and Cuisinart’s Green Gourmet 12-piece set. But we’re walking that back and for good reason. These pans simply don’t hold up to our standards in non toxic cookware for durability and ability to handle high heat.

We also have thoughts on popular brands that other sites have recommended. Lodge skillets are a good value, but we prefer Staub for its superior performance. Staub comes pre-seasoned with a crystal-based black matte enamel coating, which means you don’t have to worry about re-seasoning the pan or rusting, and it also reduces the probability of iron leaching when cooking acidic foods. Staub is easier to clean and wears much better over the long term, and (this is a big deal) stands up to metal utensils (unlike others, like Le Creuset). If you want to learn more about Staub, see our brand profile. However, if budget is a big consideration for you, consider the Lodge cast iron skillet, it is an excellent value option.

Many of Cuisinart and All-Clad’s stainless steel product lines are 3-ply and don’t perform as well with regard to heat conduction and even heating as Made In’s 5-ply, or Demeyere’s 5 or 7-ply. (Demeyere is easiest to clean and stays shiny with its Silvinox finish).

The Always Pan seems to be a popular all-in-one choice. But around here, we’re just not fans of gimmicky one-hit wonders that have a short shelf life and end up in the landfill. Not green and costs you more money in the long run. Products like these tend to produce average or below average results because they simply try to do too much. And if you really love to cook you don’t want one pan to execute all of your cooking, or ‘do everything’. You invest in and own multiple types of cookware to execute different cooking techniques. Like many ceramic nonstick pans, there seems to be a consensus about The Always Pan and that it doesn’t last more than a few months, a year if you’re lucky. If you must have a nonstick pan and are willing to treat it properly, we can confirm that our GreenPan and Caraway picks will last much longer, but know that all nonstick pans wear out eventually.

We frequently add or remove products based on our research and testing. Please let us know in the comments below of any brands you’d like us to look into or if you’d like to share your own experiences with the brands you’ve tried.

Read More on Safe Cookware 

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